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Answering what people ask us most

What will we be asked to do if I come in?
We have a range of methods to examine how our little scientists are developing language, from eye-tracking measures, EEG, and other behaviour measures. Click below to see what we do in more detail!

Are there any benefits in taking part?
We will give you a Love2Shop voucher for taking part. You will also be contributing to valuable scientific data collection, as the results we gather will go towards research papers. 

The University of Liverpool is also part of the larger
LuCiD (The ESRC Centre for Language and Communicative Development) organisation, in collaboration with Lancaster University and the University of Manchester. The aim is to further our understanding of how children learn to communicate with language. Your participation will contribute to the range of campaigns that LuCiD is involved in, such as Tiny Happy People and NHS Better Health Start for Life. Click here to see more of LuCiD's impact.
What will happen to the results of the study?
We hope that you are interested in the research and we will be happy to answer any further questions you might have about it at any time. Because the research process takes time, particularly when studying young children, it may be a while before we have any results. Please feel to call or email us at any time to ask how things are going. You can also check this website which provides information about our studies. We also send out a newsletter each year with updates on our research findings.
How will my data be used and how will it be kept secure?
Your data will be used and stored in accordance with GDPR (EU General Data Protection Regulation) regulations in EU law, which manage and protect all use and storage of personal data.

All security measures required by the GDPR regulations will be taken to store your information. Specifically, all of the information that we collect from you will be securely stored on a Liverpool University network. This network has Secure Cyber Essentials Accreditation, (meaning that the computer service of the university is constantly running tests to ensure the digital infrastructure of the university is guarded from attack, unauthorised access, or being otherwise damaged or made inaccessible). We can therefore provide assurance that your information will be accessible only to our staff and that we won’t lose your information.

We will not share your information with anyone outside the research team or do anything with the information without further explicit consent from you (if you sign up for a particular study, you will be given a new form to decide about whether to participate and what you are or are not happy to disclose).

The University processes personal data as part of its research and teaching activities in accordance with the lawful basis of ‘public task’, and in accordance with the University’s purpose of “advancing education, learning, and research for the public benefit.”
Under UK data protection legislation, the University acts as the Data Controller for personal data collected as part of the University’s research. Perrine Brusini acts as the Data Processor for this contact list, and any queries relating to the handling of your personal data can be sent to
What if I am unhappy or if there is a problem?
If you are unhappy, or if there is a problem, please feel free to let us know by contacting Professor Julian Pine ( or Dr. Perrine Brusini ( and we will try to help. If you remain unhappy or have a complaint that you feel you cannot come to us with, then you should contact the Research Ethics and Integrity Office at When contacting the Research Ethics and Integrity Office, please provide details of the name or description of the study (so that it can be identified), the researcher(s) involved, and the details of the complaint you wish to make.

The University strives to maintain the highest standards of rigour in the processing of your data. However, if you have any concerns about the way in which the University processes your personal data, it is im-portant that you are aware of your right to lodge a complaint with the Information Commissioner’s Office by calling 0303 123 113.
Who can I contact if I have further questions?
Professor Julian Pine (0151 795 9402 /
Dr. Perrine Brusini (0151 794 1110 /
Data Protection Manager: Victoria Heath (
If I come in for a study where do I have to come to?
The Liverpool Language Lab is located on the second floor of the Eleanor Rathbone Building:

Eleanor Rathbone Building

The University of Liverpool

Bedford Street South


L69 7ZA

It is about a 15 minute walk from both Liverpool Lime Street and Liverpool Central.

Do I have to take part?
No. You are free to leave the study at any time without giving a reason. If you change your mind during the study, or at any time afterwards, and decide to leave, just let us know.
Will my participation be kept confidential?
Results for each child are kept strictly confidential. All data will be stored using a random numerical code, and your consent form and questionnaires will be kept in a locked filing cabinet at the University of Liverpool.

The link between your personal information and anonymised data is stored in a separate file. Your identity and your child’s identity will remain confidential at all times, and will not be revealed during the publication of our findings.

The data that you share, or that is collected, will not be shared with your name associated with it. Any measures will either be de-identified, or reported at the group level. Your name, and your child’s name will not be linked to the data when it is shared. We may share de-identified data that is collected with other researchers, via websites that allow us to make such information available.

Our procedure involves recording your child using a video camera. However, you can request for your session not to be recorded. Video-recordings, like the rest of your child’s information, are stored securely and separately from information identifying your child.
Are there any risks in taking part?
There are no risks associated with this experiment. Your participation is voluntary. Very occasionally children become bored or upset. If this happens, you are, of course free to discontinue participation at any time and with no consequences. We hope that you and your child will find participating to be an enjoyable experience. Each study has been reviewed and has been approved by our University Ethics committee.
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